Regarding the material of the carpet?
The carpet is made of high-quality pure wool, which is […]
The carpet is made of high-quality pure wool, which is processed through processes such as wool selection, scouring, carding, dyeing, carpet weaving, cutting, and washing. It has the characteristics of excellent hair quality, unique skills, and elegant patterns. It is unique in the world and is China's main export crafts.
Carpets are ground coverings made from raw materials such as cotton, wool, silk, hemp, coconut palm or chemical fibers. Including hand-planted carpets, machine-made carpets and handmade felt carpets. In a broad sense, it also includes bedding, seat cushions, wall hangings, tents, saddle mattresses, door curtains, table blankets, etc. In the Neolithic Age, people twisted and spun threads with animal hair and woven them into thick woolen fabrics for paving the ground. The carpet fragments unearthed from the Eastern Han Dynasty tombs are typical hand-planted pile carpets. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, on the basis of inheriting traditional carpet craftsmanship, combined with the characteristics of brocade and embroidery, a unique carpet pattern with auspicious meaning was created, and it has been circulating. In the 20th century, Beijing and Tianjin established enterprises to produce carpets for export, becoming the key production areas of China's carpets. The traditional production areas of hand-planted pile carpets in the world are concentrated in East Asia, Central Asia, and various countries at the junction of Europe and Asia. Since the British pioneered the Brussels carpet loom in 1720, machine-made carpets came into being. So far, machine-made carpets have accounted for 99% of the world's total consumption, and hand-made carpets accounted for only 1%. There are many classification methods for carpets. According to the manufacturing process, there are hand-planted carpets, hand-woven plain-weave carpets, hand-tufted carpets, hand-felt carpets, and machine-made carpets; according to the purpose, there are carpets, kang blankets, tapestries, prayer blankets, etc.; according to raw materials There are wool carpets, silk carpets, jute carpets, chemical fiber carpets and so on.
Bai Juyi, a great poet of the Tang dynasty, has a famous line in his poem "Red Thread Carpet": "The land knows the cold and the people want to be warm, and they take less clothes as lichens". According to documentary records, from the Tang and Song Dynasties to the Ming and Qing Dynasties, more and more varieties of carpets were produced. The carpets made were often woven with cotton, wool, hemp and paper rope as raw materials. Woven carpets produced in China use extremely high-strength veil strands as warp and ground weft yarns, and colored thick-wool weft yarns are pierced into the warp yarns according to patterns to form piles, which are then woven through processes such as shearing and brushing. Its front is densely covered with plush, which has a firm texture and good elasticity. In 1966, a cotton blanket was unearthed in Lanxi, Zhejiang Province. It is 2.51 meters long and 1.18 meters wide. It is a plain weave with piled on both sides and is flat and thick. After identification, the material used is grass cotton fiber. This cotton carpet was woven in the Southern Song Dynasty. This is the earliest cotton blanket so far. It can be seen that the carpet weaving process has reached a very high level at that time.