What is the process of laying carpets?
1. Process flow Basic treatment → elastic thread, set s […]
1. Process flow
Basic treatment → elastic thread, set square, division, positioning → carpet cutting → nail barbed tapestry strip → laying pad → laying carpet → detail treatment and cleaning.
2. Removable laying: refers to a method of sticking to the base without adhesive, that is, laying without being fixed with the base, and trimming all around along the corners of the wall. Generally only suitable for the laying of decorative craft carpets.
3. Fixed laying operation process:
1) Base layer treatment: The base layer for laying the carpet is generally a cement floor, and it can also be a wooden floor or a floor of other materials. The surface is required to be flat, smooth and clean. If there is any oil stain, it must be wiped with acetone or turpentine. If it is a cement floor, it should have a certain strength, the moisture content is not more than 8%, and the surface flatness deviation is not more than 4mm.
2) Stretch lines, sets of squares, divisions, and positioning: It is necessary to carry out stretch lines, sets of squares, and divisions in strict accordance with the specific requirements of the design drawings for different parts and rooms. If there are regulations and requirements in the drawings, the construction should be strictly followed . If there are no specific requirements in the drawing, the positioning and laying can be done by finding the symmetry and snapping the line.
3) Carpet cutting: Carpet cutting should be centralized and unified in a relatively wide place. Be sure to accurately measure the room size and register the number by room and the type of carpet used. Then according to the size and shape of the room, use a trimmer to cut off the carpet material. The length of each carpet is about 2cm longer than the room, and the width should be calculated according to the size after cutting the edge of the carpet. Cut off the edge with the elastic thread, then cut it from the back of the blanket with a hand cutting knife. After cutting, roll it into a roll and number it, and put it in the room with the right number. The large area of the hall should be cut and seamed at the construction site.
4) Nail the barbed board tapestry strip: along the edge of the skirting board around the room or aisle, use high-strength cement nails to nail the barbed board to the base layer (the direction of the nails toward the wall), and the spacing is about 40cm. The barbed board should be 8-10mm away from the skirting board surface to facilitate the nailing of the barbed board.
5) Laying the liner: Brush the liner with 107 glue or polyvinyl acetate latex by point-bonding method, stick it on the ground base, and leave the barbed board about 10mm.
6) Laying the carpet:
a. Sew the carpet: lay the cut carpet on the cushion, then roll up the carpet and sew it at the joints. After the stitching is completed, stick the plastic tape to the stitching to protect the seam from being scratched or hooked up, then lay the carpet flat, and use a curved needle to make a dense stitch at the seam.
b. Stretching and fixing the carpet: First, fix one long side of the carpet on the barbed board, cover the raw edge under the skirting board, and stretch the carpet with a carpet brace. As you stretch, press down on the rug support with your hands, hit the rug support with your knees, and push from side to side. If it fails to be leveled once, repeat the stretching until it is leveled. Then fasten the rug to another barbed board, covering up the burrs. The growing carpet is cut off with a cutting knife. After stretching in one direction, stretch in the other direction until all four sides are fixed on the barbed board.
c. When laying the carpet, first apply the adhesive on one side of the room, then lay the pre-cut carpet, and then use the carpet support to support it to both sides; then brush two adhesives along the wall to flatten the carpet side.
7) Detail treatment and cleaning: pay attention to the treatment of door battens and door frames, aisles and hallways, ground and pipe roots, heating covers, groove boxes, aisle and bathroom door sills, stair steps and aisle platforms, inner and outer doors, and carpets of different colors The splicing, fixing and edge covering of the junction and skirting boards must be firmly bonded, and there should be no breakage such as revealing, finding and repairing strips. After the carpet is laid and the closing strip is fixed, it should be cleaned with a vacuum cleaner, and the fluff that falls off the carpet surface should be thoroughly cleaned.